Waldorf, Montessori, and Reggio Emilia are well known as popular preschool approaches, but what is not well known, is that each of these approaches has a defined music pedagogy.
Philosophy- Anthroposophy (spiritual science)
Education develops the soul’s capacity to experience individuality and relationship to community.
Waldorf Music Learning Pedagogy
A world of sound, tone, and rhythm begins as unformed and undifferentiated.
A Eurythmy performance by Waldorf high school students.
Independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child's natural mental, physical, and social development.
Montessori Music Pedagogy
Sensory, manipulative materials provide children self-paced exploration and problem solving skills.
In preparation for music learning Montessori schools begin with “lessons in silence” before moving onto discrimination of sound and music.
Listening and moving to music is important in the early years. In Montessori schools there are "concert hours" that encourage children to engage in spontaneous movement.
The Reggio Emilia Approach
Philosophy- Social Constructivism.
The child is capable, has rights, and learns through their relationships with others.
Reggio Approach Music Pedagogy
Artistic symbolic systems are valued as rich, complex, and meaningful languages for children to learn and express understanding of themselves and the world around them.